Indonesia According to RPJP, Indonesia is planning

Indonesia have plenty of energy resources. Indonesia’s
power plant is depend on fossil, such as coal, oil and gas which will be
exhausted and caused the greenhouse effect 1. National Long-Term Development
Plan 2005 – 2025 (RPJP) stated that nuclear energy will be used to power plant
in Indonesia. According to RPJP, Indonesia is planning to reach 17% energy
share from new and renewable energy, and nuclear is included with other
resources such as wind, solar, biomass and hydro 2. However, nuclear reactor
construction plan in Indonesia faces obstacles. It because not many people know
about important reasons of NPP for the Country. Indonesia need to build Nuclear
Power Plant for a variety of reasons: environmental considerations, competitive
and availability of abundant fuel.

First, the reason why Indonesia need nuclear
energy to replace using fossil resources is environmental considerations. Benefits
of NPP in environmental aspect are clean and environmental friendly 3. NPP have
the lowest environmental impact. During normal operation, NPP do not produce
air pollution which contain carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2)
and nitrogen oxide (NO). These harmful gasses can cause health effect and
premature death 4. The current NPP in the world has been studied annually that
operating NPP can prevent the emission of more than 2 billion tons of CO2.
Thus, the nuclear power plants can achieve the target of Indonesia’s government
to reduce CO2 releases which cause global warming and effect of
climate change.

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Second, another reason Indonesia should take
NPP is competitive. Uranium as fuel of NPP able to generate electricity larger
than fossil fuels. It can be assumed that 1 gram uranium can produce heat
energy which is equal to the burning result of 4 ton coals and 2 ton crude oil.
This assumption can be convert to kWh, 1 billion kWh (1 GWh) only need 1 ton of
typical enriched uranium fuel, it is as much as 160000 ton coal. National
Nuclear Energy  Agency (BATAN) has been
calculated the cost of electricity NPP based on economical studied. The cost of
electricity NPP is around 10,37 cent USD/kWh. In short, NPP has larger power
and  lowest cost than fossil fuelled
power.

Finally, Indonesia have many prosperous fuel
resources, including uranium. Related to the NPP development plan in Indonesia,
communities doubt readiness of uranium as NPP fuel. Since 1972, BATAN has
conducted exploration activity of radioactive materials. This activity take a
result that Indonesia have potential uranium resources by the amount of about
63 thousand tons uranium . So far, there are four location potetial that have
uranium for NPP fuel; in Mamuju, West Sulawesi; Bangka Belitung; Kalan, West
Kalimantan and Papua. Nowadays, utilization of uranium in Indonesia isn’t
exploitation plan yet, but still in exploration research. Thus, the
availability of abundance uranium in several location in Indonesia can make
people realize that NPP can be utilize for generate electricity suistainable.In
conclusion, Indonesia may have several reasons to build Nuclear Power Plant.
For many of them, the main reason is related to environmental friendly which
have not air pollutant. The other reasons are also competitive in cost and
power, and many fuels of uranium potential in Indonesia. So, Indonesia should
consider these reasons for construction NPP plan in the future.

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