Kimathi University of Technology
and Electronic Engineering Department
YEAR PROJECT CONCEPT NOTE
WAMAE MATHENGE E021-01-0115/2016
KIPROP KOECH E021-01-0689/2014
Title INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT
In Kenyan roads accidents are at alarming rate since
death rate stands at 3000 per year which arises due to human error. Hence the
need to reduce them and provide reliable information on the road conditions,
vehicle parameters and other environmental factors that would play a major
factor in reducing accidents and save time, life and resources.
transportation are the engine to economic growth of a country. Unfortunately,
this engine also depicts the signs of the times (i.e. congestion, accessibility
and road safety problems). It has been proven that the supply of infrastructure
cannot keep up with population and mobility growth of a country, especially in
the developing world; this is due to financial and human resource constraints.
Increasing traffic congestion around the world is limiting
urban mobility and contributing to unsustainable environmental, economic, and
social conditions. The concept of intelligent transportation systems (ITS), which
is defined as the application of computing and electronics technologies to
transportation, offers potential for alleviating the negative effects of
traffic congestion. These negative effects include impacts on road efficiency, the
environment, safety, and cost. Institutional obstacles, however, limit ITS
Intelligent Transport System (ITS)
encompasses a broad range of wireless and wire line communications based
information and electronics technologies and is one of the most promising
methods in dealing with the traffic problems. While some key information is
readily obtained using traditional query operations of traffic information, the
analysis and management of traffic information remains one of the key issues
and deeper information are still difficult to discover. This deeper level
information usually contains large volume of data known as big data and our
inability to harness important information from them brings us to an important
technique used universally. The intelligent transport system
(ITS) takes the first step towards meeting this challenge by providing
effective, reliable and meaningful knowledge to the motorists in time. Traffic congestions,
endangered environments and safety can be solved through effective innovative
and sophisticated ways and techniques that use emerging information technology,
electronics and telecommunication with roads and traffic management techniques.
When this technique is employed in the transport infrastructure system and in
the vehicles, it would help in monitoring and managing traffic flow, provide
alternative routes to drivers hence reduce congestions on the road and
increasing productivity by saving time and money and also safe life as well.
Intelligent transport system provides skilled tools for transport professionals
where they can collect, analyze and archive the data and through the data
response time to incidences, adverse weather conditions can be handled with
impact and increasing safety
Minimize congestion and improve flow of traffic Enhanced mobility for commuters
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