Abstract: consumption on sleep. Research has focused


There is much emerging information surrounding the impact of sleep
duration and quality on food choice and consumption in both children and
adults. However, less attention has been paid to the effects of dietary
patterns and specific foods on nighttime sleep. Early studies have shown that
certain dietary patterns may affect not only daytime alertness but also
nighttime sleep. In this review, we surveyed the literature to describe the
role of food consumption on sleep. Research has focused on the effects of mixed
meal patterns, such as high-carbohydrate plus low-fat or low-carbohydrate
diets, over the short term on sleep. Such studies highlight a potential effect
of macronutrient intakes on sleep variables, particularly alterations in slow
wave sleep and rapid eye movement sleep with changes in carbohydrate and fat
intakes. Other studies instead examined the intake of specific foods, consumed
at a fixed time relative to sleep, on sleep architecture and quality. Those
foods, specifically milk, fatty fish, tart cherry juice, and kiwifruit, are
reviewed here. Studies provide some evidence for a role of certain dietary
patterns and foods in the promotion of high-quality sleep, but more studies are
necessary to confirm those preliminary findings.

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Studies have proposed a relation between
sleep duration and obesity, there has been much interest in assessing the
impact of sleep on energy intakes. Studies have shown that short sleepers have
higher energy intakes, notably from fat and snacks, than do normal sleepers.
Short sleepers, generally defined as those who sleep

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