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There are many kinds of architecture in the world. Different cultures and centuries of  architectural styles are totally diverse, such as classical, modern or luxurious. Architectures originated in different times and we can learn about the history, art, and people’s point of view during that period. There are three interesting kinds of architectures styles, which are Victorian architecture, Beaux-art architecture, and Deconstructivist Architecture. Therefore, this introduction to architecture will explore the history, characteristics, and famous examples of each style.???When people talk about Victorian Architecture, most of them will describe the buildings as delicate, elegant, vintage and luxurious. It was very popular when Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom reigned from 1840 to 1900. During this period, due to the industrial revolution, British national strength and the people’s economic level has risen dramatically, so they pursue  extraordinary house. In the meantime, wooden and metal ornaments also began mass production, so it changed from different styles in the past. It still affects the design of resident nowadays. Many people think that modern architecture began from this period (Jackie, 2017).???In general, Victorian Architecture is built from inside to outside, it’s shape reflects the internal structure. Each room is very particular about the shape. Victorian Architecture does show a different architectural style. Meticulous design can enhance the owner’s identity and taste.???One of the more ornate styles is called  Victorian Queen Anne. It features a porch around the house, square or circle tower and has colorful patterns and very beautiful decorations. This kind of building is very elegant and delicate.The Victorian era made tremendous progress in architecture history. People built a lot of buildings during that time. No matter in what kind of style, material, and shape, it doesn’t affect our appreciation of the historical value and history.William Burges was a famous architect and designer in England. During The Victorian era, he got rid of the shackles of industrial revolutionary architecture and Neoclassicism architecture in the 19th century. He built an Episcopal Church, a warehouse, two schools and some houses and castles. Cardiff Castle and Knightshayes Court were designed by him. For his own house in London, he adopted the Victorian Gothic style. In addition to architecture, William Burges also designed many fabricated metals, sculpture, jewelry, furniture and stained glass (William, N.D).Balmoral Castle (2008). Licensed under Neil Roger.???Balmoral Castle is one kind of the building designed in Victorian architecture style. It is in Scotland, UK. The Castle was purchased by Prince Albert in 1852, he bought for Queen Victoria. It has been the England Royal resort since 1852. They Royal family enjoy hunting and outdoor activities in the summer. The view is breathtaking and the air is very fresh. It usually opens to the public during summer time (Watson, 2012). On the exterior of Balmoral Castle, there are towers and it is with round conical roofs. The exterior is rough, faced, squared stonework with the masonry walls. There is a balcony on the second floor. There are many hooded windows, paired windows and one or two story bay windows on the building. It’s not colorful, but it is very elegant and picturesque (Watson, 2012).            Another important style is Beaux-Arts architecture. This style of architecture originated from Ecole des Beaux-Arts (School of the Fine Arts) in France. A lot of students who want to study architecture go to this famous school. Many famous architects graduated from this school. The first Americans to study there were Richard Morris Hunt and Henry Hobson Richardson. They inspired America students to go to this university for studying architecture. Beaux-Arts architecture was very popular during 1880-1930 in America. This period was called American Renaissance. The features refer to ancient Rome and classic Greek. It emphasizes the grandness, symmetry, and orderliness of architecture. It mostly construct big buildings, like train stations, schools or government buildings, the main used for large memorial buildings, especially war memorial buildings. This style is not commonly used in private houses, but you can see a lot the grand homes in Newport, Rhode Island. You can see a lot of government or university buildings have high, vaulted ceilings and central domes. And when you enter the building, there has grand stairways and polished marble floors. This is typically Beaux-Arts style (Jackson, N.D).            Charles Garnier was born in 1825 in an ordinary family. In 1842, he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts (School of Fine Arts). He liked the luxurious style of Roman society. In 1848, he awarded the Grand Prix de Rome, the famous French national art scholarship. In 1852, he went to Turkey and Greece visit and to learn architecture. Paris Opera is his most famous masterpiece. Its design is highly ornate and extravagant Baroque style. In his design can clearly notice the mix of traditional and innovative architectural styles. Undoubtedly, Charles Garnier has influenced the French architectural history (Garnier, N.D).The grand foyer at the Opéra, Paris (N.D). Licensed under Eric Pouhier.            Paris Opera also named Opera de Garnier. It is the largest opera house in Europe; it can accommodate more than two thousand spectators and also include ballet school and a library. The style of this opera house belongs to the architectural style of the Second Empire. It amalgamated with Neoclassical, Renaissance and Baroque styles. The interior decoration and exterior building are magnificent. Inside the Paris Opera House, there have marble patterned floor, display a lot of delicate bronze statues, ornate crystal chandeliers, exquisite ceiling murals, and graceful red velvet seats were placed in the five stories high auditorium. The whole building presents like a palace; luxurious, classic and elegant. Some people say that the Opera House just like a jewelry box, it is very splendid and sumptuous. The architect, Charles Garnier, turned enclosed and serious theater buildings into a pleasant open-air foyer. He created a new space form and established a paragon of Western theater architecture. Therefore, Paris Opera represents the 19th century architectural style (The editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, N.D).               The final style is Deconstructivist Architecture. Deconstructivist architecture is often misunderstood as just “crooked” buildings. In fact, designers want to challenge the inherent architectural forms and aesthetic concepts. After World War II, emphasis on functional leadership, rational and simplicity design style has become the mainstream of the world. In 1960 to 1970, people criticized these dull and monotonous and lack of human nature of modern architecture. At this time, as a theory of critical literature “deconstructionism”, it provide new ideas for the construction sector, therefore, those literatures affected some architects. Deconstructivist architecture is more unrestrained, and it also can accommodate chaotic. Its trait is fragmentation of the constructed building, it designed by non-rectilinear or non-Euclidean geometry, to form between the deformation and displacement of architectural elements. Many architects utilize the innovative construction techniques, create ambitious architectural styles, and make an unpredictable outward appearance of the building (Amitmurao, 2017).               Daniel Libeskind is a famous Polish-American architect, professor, artist and set designer. He was born in a Jewish family of Holocaust survivors. His parents and ten brothers and sisters all had experienced the persecution in the Auschwitz Concentration Camp. But only his father and aunt survived. He moved to Israel with family in 1959. After that, he immigrated to the United States. In the University, he studied Department of Music at first, and then he transferred to the Department of Architecture. After he graduate from university, Daniel Libeskind established his architectural studio in Berlin. His masterpieces are Jewish Museum Berlin, Contemporary Jewish Museum, Imperial War Museum North, and London Metropolitan University. In 2001, he won an award of the 5th Hiroshima Art Prize at the Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art to praise him for his contribution of the promotion of peace and understanding (Zukowsky, N.D).Jüdisches Museum Berlin, Foto (N.D). Licensed under Günter Schneider               In Berlin, the origin of the Nazi party there are many memorial places about this period of history. The Jewish Museum Berlin, designed by Daniel Libeskind, is a complete record of the dark history of that Jews had been massacred. The character of the building is that space of the museum is telling the history by itself. If you look, the building  show a big lightning pattern. The exterior of the building is covered by galvanized steels; windows are slash-shaped, irregular horizontal building, it is regarded as a broken symbol of different periods of Jewish. The hexagon star symbol of the Jewish also cut irregularly, is a symbol of the Jewish history were full of scars. Inside the building only black and white. The space is very narrow; the shape of windows is zigzag, there just limited space to look outward. You can feel that Jews had oppression of the past. In the museum, we can see the history of past and the hope in the future. According to the architect, Daniel Libeskind’s project brief: First, you need to understand the Jewish citizens of Berlin, their enormous intellectual, economic and cultural contribution, and then you can easily understand their history. Second, you have to know the meaning of Holocaust, what could we learn from this part of the memory. What it affects to the city of Berlin. Third, the only way that Berlin and Europe can have a human future is to acknowledge the dark history and no more discrimination (Bianchini, 2017).  For Germany, this part of the history is definitely the last thing that they want to face and acknowledge. However, they face it bravely and educate the next generation and hope tragedy won’t happen again and may the world stay in peace forever.              There are many varieties of  architecture all over the world. Some of them look similar, some are totally different. The buildings are designed by greatest architects in styles such as Victorian architecture, Deconstructivist Architecture or Beaux-art architects. We can feast our eyes on those buildings and learn from their history and culture. Therefore, the great architecture is made by great artists and it really embellish our region. 

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