In who has control over the Black

In December 1991, the Soviet Union fell apart. The countries that used to be a part of the Soviet Union became individual nations and have been in conflict with each other even before the Soviet Union disintegrated. Now, they lie as individual countries in the Caucasus Region which borders Europe and Asia and is between the Black and Caspian Sea. The following countries are in the Caucasus Region: Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Armenia, and Turkey. The Caucasus region is known to be unstable due to the many conflicts that has occurred between the countries of its region. From 1992 to 1993, there was the War in Abkhazia which was won by the Abkhaz separatists and resulted in the ethnic cleansing of Georgians in the country. There was also the Georgian Ossetian conflict that began in 1989 and resulted in the South Ossetia War in 1991 and 1992. Moreover, the Armenian Azerbaijani conflict has been happening which began when Armenia invaded several regions of Azerbaijan. The Russo-Chechen Conflict (the Chechen War) also occurred and lasted for about seven years. These are just a few of the many conflicts that has occurred between the countries in this region.
There are several factors that play a role in causing these conflicts between the countries of the Caucasus Region. The first factor is the Black Sea. Most of the conflicts that have happened, Armenia and Azerbaijan fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh or the conflict between Georgia and South Ossetia, occur around the Black Sea. Why is the Black Sea so important? The Black Sea is an major key to trade; therefore, many countries want access to it. Russia has annexed Crimea due to this very reason: access to the sea and ports. In addition, after World War II, Russia and the West failed to agree upon the rules regarding this area. Russia’s territorial control over the areas surrounding the Black Sea is unclear. Currently, both Ukraine and Russia has set up military powers in the Black Sea. Georgia has also been in war with Ukraine due to disagreements over who has control over the Black Sea region. Furthermore, Turkey has wanted to join the European Union  (EU) but has failed to do so due to the EU concerns of a wave of Turkish immigrants. This adds to the confusion. Since the Black Sea does not have a clear set of rules, it is a major subject of disagreements and conflict. 

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