Unlike Cyber OC groups structures can vary

Unlike traditional OC
groups who are motivated by financial gains and coexist with the government
that is set in place, Cyber OC groups have no set motivation or ideology. Some

When hackers come
together to form a OC group they can range from a few individuals to thousands
while still maintaining anonymity. This makes it difficulty for law enforcement
to infiltrate as it is hard to pin point the head of the organization. Even if
they could get in most are just cells who only handle a specific task.

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Some cybercrime groups
share some similarities with traditional crime groups such as hierarchal rank
structure. Traditional OC groups often have the structure of Boss, underboss,
lieutenants, soldiers and then associates. This a common structure found
amongst the traditional OC groups. In the case of Cyber OC groups structures
can vary since cybercrimes can be committed by one individual with no ties to
any organizations. Although this is a common occurrence in the cybercrime
world, there are hackers that come together for bigger crimes such as credit
card scams and other large-scale crimes like data theft of large companies. Their
structure is like traditional OC groups, but have a higher level of
compartmentalization as they work from behind a network. They operate with the
highest level of anonymity as in some cases they will never physically meet
each other. Since they work through networks the only identity they have is an
alias they choose to go by. In most cases this how cyber OC groups operate.

Migration was the core
cause for traditional criminal organizations to expand their reach across
borders, whereas the internet was the push behind a new breed of organized
crime. With the use of the internet their criminal activities are no longer
subject to one specific area like traditional organized crime syndicates. Traditional
organized crime groups operate out of one area or region, cyber organized crime
groups operate through the internet giving them the ability to operate from any
part of the world so long as they have access to the internet.

High
rewards combined with low risks have made digital networks an attractive
environment for various types of criminal groups. In the non-digital era,
organized crime sought after the safe havens offered by countries with weak
governments and unstable political regimes. Today’s organized criminal groups
can benefit from national jurisdictions that do not have proper legal
frameworks and technical capabilities to fight cybercrime. The easiness of communication,
anonymity, and the accessibility of tools for illegal operations have
transformed cybercrime into a global, fast-expanding and profit-driven industry
with organized criminal groups thriving behind it. (Tropina)

            With the introduction of the internet and technological
advancements, some criminal organizations have transcended into the digital
world. They no longer are bound by traditional crimes that they are well known
for such as drug trafficking, gambling and extortion. But have migrated towards
a digital plane of criminal activities such as identity theft, credit card
scams, data theft and much more. These crimes no longer take place in a
physical setting but more of a digital setting. Through networks and domains,
cybercrimes have no bounds to where they can occur as they are global.
Cybercrime organizations share some similarities with traditional organized
crime syndicates but are vastly different to them also.

 

Organized
Cybercrime

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