The Neville Chamberlain proposed and practiced the

The 1920s initiated with a satisfactory view for peace and feelings of antiwar were starting to rise. However, towards the end of the decade and the throughout the 1930s, clouds of war were starting to originate. Strong feelings of nationalism arose and aggressors began to take action to get what they desired. Fascist Leaders with their spurs led to the path of the war. Leaders and the people of the nation were willing to do anything and everything to prevent their country from going to war. However, the talks and efforts of peace didn’t last long; Towards the end of the decade going into the 1930s, tensions were rising between nations and war was around the corner. The axis powers: Germany, Italy, and Japan, took violent actions that were going to lead toward war. In order to prevent war from happening again, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain proposed and practiced the policy of appeasement, which means that they will give into Hitler’s demands to avoid war.  There is no definite cause of WWII, however, the starting point of WWII was when Hitler defied the Treaty of Versailles. Furthermore, the League of Nations giving into the outrageous demands of Hitler was the turning point point to the road to war. Regardless of their efforts to keep the peace, war couldn’t have been avoided because of the nations’ lack of cooperation. The most effective reaction to aggression at this time was unquestionably collective security because if the nations were to work together, war could’ve been avoided.      After World War I ended, the League of nations forced Germany to sign Treaty of Versailles, marking the official end of WWI. In the Treaty of Versailles, German troops were forbidden to enter Rhineland, forced to demilitarize, and Germany was forced to take the blame of causing WWI. Hitler despised the Treaty of Versailles and he threatened to violate the treaty.   In 1936, in opposition to the treaty, Hitler sent his troops into Rhineland (doc3). Germany, Great Britain, France, and Italy decided on the Munich Agreement, in which a section of Czechoslovakia, called Sudetenland, would be handed over to Germany (doc4). They couldn’t deny Hitler’s request for Sudetenland because of the policy of appeasement. Following the invasion of Sudetenland, the British and French ministers convinced Hitler to not use his military in exchange for the land he has taken in Czechoslovakia. Hitler agreed to the condition set by the ministers. The Munich agreement was a way to prevent war by the way of appeasement. Instead of creating the appeasement policy, the best way to limit Hitler’s power was to not agree to his demands and show force. By doing so, Hitler was given the advantage of getting whatever he wants knowing they will give it to him. If the league was to let the Czech’s fight for their land, Czech’s had a great possibility of winning due to their strong military and heavy war supplies (doc 7).   In addition, a British historian A.J.P. Taylor wrote about how the German people could’ve overthrown Hitler because they were the ones who put him in power in the first place (Doc 8).   However, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain favored appeasement because he felt that by giving Hitler Sudetenland he would be able to avoid war(doc5). However, that was not a very effective way to avoid war because war eventually took place.  Furthermore, Winston Churchill also opposed the Chamberlain’s policy of appeasement (Doc 6). He claims that peace comes with fighting the aggressor. According to Chamberlain, the ones who are in charge of the political affairs are the ones who are responsible for WWII. He believed that it was crucial for League of Nations to step in and limit Germany’s power by using force. He declared that Britain and France, along with other countries, should’ve came together and guarantee the security of Czechoslovakia. He believed appeasement weakened the League of Nations and left them defenseless against Germany. Also, he felt like the League of Nations were oblivious to all the opportunities they had to limit the growth of the Nazi’s5 power. By the policy of appeasement, Hitler was convinced he was the most powerful because of all his demands that were getting fulfilled because of fear.  As you can see, appeasement was the wrong way to go about avoiding the war, instead it was the main cause of WWII. All of this could’ve been avoided if the nations were to cooperate with each other and use collective security. By obeying to all of Hitler’s demands, it gave Hitler the advantage of knowing that he could ask for anything and the league of Nations would give it to him.  

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