This The Egyptians and Greeks also highly

This industry started in the 19th
century after humans figured out that particular plants and minerals could help
with healthcare. After the multiple breakthroughs in the fields of physiology
and chemistry, there was a much deeper understanding of drugs. The first Hindu,
Chinese, and Mediterranean civilizations were the first to create a sort of
medicine from plants and minerals, established from evidence. A book written on
herbs and healing, believed to have been written in the 28th century BC by a renowned
emperor called Shennong, illustrated how a material called “chang shan” ( from the Dichroa Root) was effective against
fever. This herb has since been revealed to have alkaloids which combat malaria
(alkaline organic chemicals containing nitrogen). (Encyclopedia Britannica, 1999) The Egyptians and Greeks also highly contributed
to the first medicines with many used in their time still being used today. In
750 AD the first “pharmacy” began as people sold medicinal herbs to other
people in Baghdad. In Europe, medicinal plants belonged to the monks but in
1200 AD, the rest of Europe had access to these plants and our first pharmacies
opened (Medical Daily, 2016). In 1546 the first pharmacopoeia, which is a
collected list of drugs and medicinal chemicals with a method for making
pharmaceuticals appeared in Germany. A pharmacopoeia for London emerged in 1618
and the Society of Apothecaries was formed and it was this event which broke
pharmacy away from all other fields of science. In the 1880s, chemical companies producing dye made
research laboratories in which they found medical applications for their own
goods, for example, antiseptic
properties. This made some dye companies turn to the pharmaceutical industry. The modern pharmaceutical industry really started
in the early 1900s as this was when most of today’s pharmaceutical companies
first started, along with the drug discoveries of penicillin and insulin.
During and after the was lots of drug research was conducted and the
pharmaceutical industry started rapidly growing after the Second World War In 1964,
a new drug (Thalidomide) given to pregnant women caused major birth defects and
so the World Medical Association made it a requirement for pharmaceutical
companies to have their new drugs tested to prove safety before they were put
to use on humans. In the 1980s drugs for AIDs and heart disease were created
and marketed.

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