Audre The two mentioned both step up

Audre Lorde once wrote in her memoir, the Cancer Journals, “My silences had not protected me. Your silence will not protect you.” The late renowned poet knows personally that defending yourself is a strength that comes only with the art of persuasion. Therefore this quote resembles greatly to the presentiment of Brutus and Antony, two of the most crucial characters of Julius Caesar, written by William shakespeare.. The two mentioned both step up to recite a burial soliloquy following the unforeseen murder of Julius Caesar, which was executed by the hands of the senators and Brutus himself. Both hoping that the speech would aid in their own ulterior motives, the pair each gives a monologue with the expectation that it would not only please the crowd, yet favor their side.  Nonetheless, in spite of the fact that both Antony and Brutus give compelling and impactful speeches, Antony’s address remains unrivaled. For through his judicious incorporation and placement of rhetorical devices such as irony and hyperboles, he kept the crowd on their feet while they question what they thought was true about their superiors, resulting in Antony’s long reigning and preeminent speech.One of the most frequent rhetorical devices used by Shakespeare in this monologue is Irony. In verbal irony, an individual says what is in fact the reverse of what they really believe, making verbal irony greatly similar to mockery or sarcasm. This writing utensil is seen put to use Cortes 2many times throughout his oration. For example, after disclosing word of Caesar’s secret will, Antony declares “I have o’ershot myself to tell you of it. I fear I wrong the honorable men / Whose daggers have stabbed Caesar; I do fear it.” . Antony is venturing to convey his fears of informing the crowd too much, yet this is after subsequently insisting “Caesar’s spirit, ranging for revenge” after glimpsing his immobile body, moments before. Clearly, Antony doesn’t sincerely mean his words, therefore this is a prominent example of irony.  It can be profoundly inferred that he wants the crowds to realize the secrets kept to them by their superiors, especially such that might give benefit to the Plebians themselves.  It is only in being aware of this will the plebeians rebel, causing chaos against the senators. For what is such a superior way for both Caesar and Mark Antony to get their “revenge”? Another instance of irony is exhibited following Antony’s reveal of Caesar’s wounded corpse to the public. Discerning the uproar he has set into motion, he comments in response “Good friends, sweet friends, let me not stir you up / To such a sudden flood of mutiny. They that have done this deed are honorable.” Through this quote, Antony seems to truly exude a non-existent want to cause turmoil, especially one so sudden or against his “honorable” authority figures.  Yet similar to the situation indicated beforehand, Antony’s words to the public are truly incredulous.  For Antony clearly grants a curse of “Domestic fury and fierce civil strife” throughout all of Rome; before stepping up to the podium in the burial. Yet once again, Antony evidently honestly doesn’t mean what he speaks, making it another distinguished example of Irony. For if he truly carries out and stirs up a conflict, then it can be conveyed that the resulting kind of havoc that would take place on the  “honorable” conspirators would give him a sickly content state of mind.Cortes 3Furthermore, another one of many frequent rhetorical devices that Antony wields throughout the duration of his speech is hyperboles. When using a hyperbole, an individual embellishes a statement in order to prove their point. This writing instrument, as well as irony, is  seen put to use many time throughout his declamation. For instance, Antony starts off his speech by reminding the masses that Caesar shepherded to Rome numerous prisoners , whose compatriots had to compensate their ransoms, thus resulting in the prosperous state of Rome they live in to that day. He questions whether such actions, and others alike reflect ambition. Knowing the answer is no Antony then proclaims “What cause withholds you then, to mourn for him? / O judgment! thou art fled to brutish beasts, / And men have lost their reason.” Divulging into the issue of man vs. beast, it can be inferred Antony doesn’t really believe man have turned into “brutish beasts”, therefore this is a prominent example of the use of hyperboles. He is just trying to emphasize his shame in them as ungrateful followers of Rome, by implying that their lack of reason and other actions resemble those of a beast or such a monster. Another instance of the use of hyperboles is exhibited following Antony’s revelation of Caesar’s secret will, the same one used to express his usage of irony.  For example, after revealing the nature of the will, yet not it’s contents, Antony proclaims “And they would go and kiss dead Caesar’s wounds / And dip their napkins in his sacred blood, / Yea, beg a hair of him for memory, / And, dying, mention it within their wills, /Bequeathing it as a rich legacy / Unto their issue.” Through this quote, Antony predicts various alarming and disturbing acts to be conducted among the swarms. Yet evidently, Antony doesn’t genuinely envision the common people executing such duties, making it anotherCortes 4distinguished example of the use of hyperboles. He doesn’t really imagine the plebeians would “kiss” Caesar’s wounds or  “dip” their napkins in his blood but is mentioning this to emphasize how grateful they would be for the gifts Caesar has supposedly left them. For if these rewards are enough to possibly make them do such grisly things, the crowd is left wondering, what kind of substantial abundance is possibly in store for them. Though Antony obviously left the crowd swayed and riled up, Brutus did seem to have stirred up an understanding with the citizens before Antony arrived. A major contributing factor of this was Brutus’ use of logos. He holds a highly eminent belief in logical reasoning and this is registered throughout the whole of his speech. For example, Brutus utilizes himself as a model of fondness for Caesar, despite his most recent actions, and in communicating with the people he insists “Censor me in your wisdom, and awake your senses that you may the better judge.” He is trying to emit an innocent facade, though not because he actually believes he is guilty in any way, yet because he really does believe he has done no wrong. This is a prominent example of logos, because Brutus had no deliberate desire to do wrong, therefore why should the people think otherwise. Another instance of logos comes in the form of a rhetorical question, in which Brutus inquiries “Had you rather Caesar were living, and die all slaves, than that Caesar were dead, to live all free men?” It is perceived through this quote that Brutus was behaving as such a savior, making this quote another distinguished example of logos. For Brutus’ only goal, was to free what he deemed his people from Caesar’s domineering standards. He attempted to demonstrate that through his execution of Caesar, he has saved them from a lifetime of persecution and slavitude.Cortes 5Therefore, in conclusion, despite  Brutus’ practical use of logos, Antony’s judicious incorporation and placement of rhetorical devices such as irony and hyperboles give him a victorious advantage. For mentioned before Audre Lorde once wrote “My silences had  not protected me. Your silence will not protect you.” Antony chose not to to stay silent, despite the warnings and threats of his superiors. Now because he chose to speak up, he has the upper hand, he has the crowd on their feet while they question what they thought was true about their superiors. Hence resulting in his long reigning and preeminent speech.

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