1974 Stogdill argue that the concept of Leadership lacks a generally altruistic
definition “there are almost as many different definitions of leadership as
there are persons who have attempted to define the concept” (Stogdill,1974),
also, Bennis has stated overtime that during the last century, there were
nothing less than 650 definitions on the concept of leadership, but each of
those definitions tally with the mindset of a researcher and also the situation
that such a researcher wants the definition for (Bennis & Townsend, 1995).
McCleskey in 2014 & Citing Bass in 2008, has adduced further that the
search for a single definition on the topic, would amount to vain efforts
because it wouldn’t be a very objective one (McCleskey,2014; Citing Bass,2008).
However, this does
not however mean that there should not be a definition for the leadership.
2.1.1 what is the leadership
According to kotter, Leadership includes defining goals
that determines best, what interests or implementations are apt for a
particular organization (Kotter, 1998).
and according to Gary Yukl the leadership is “the process of influencing
others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it,
and the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish
shared objectives” (Yukl, 2006). And Peter Northouse has defined the leadership
as “a process whereby an individual influence a group of individuals to achieve
a common goal.” (Northouse,2007).
is the effective leadership
According to the professor Dave
Ulrich the professor of business at the Ross School of
Business, University of Michigan has developed a framework based on
his researches to conclude and define the rules and goals to make great
leaders. These rules are tagged, “The Five Rules of Leadership.” (Dava,2009).
The five rules of effective leadership:
Plan for the future “Shape the future”: this follows the question that strategists ask
themselves. It is the, “where are we going” question. When strategists ask this
question, it helps them to itemize their goals and how best to utilize their
resources in the achievement of such a goal.
True leaders have a foresight of where they are leading
their people. The most of what they do while leading is to direct the people or
organization to a ready predicted end.
The Rain Maker “Make things
happen”: a true leader is one that makes things happen. In fact,
if an organization has a passive leader, such a leader loses the devotion of
his work force. The rain maker ideology follows the executor’s strategy follows
the whole idea of translating strategy into actions that eventually put the
organization into the desired place it wants to be.
A true leader must be a pace setter, and most
importantly, a goal getter.
Resourceful use of talents “Engage today’s talent”: Leaders make use of what they have to get what they
want. They imbibe in their team, the act of loyalty and being united in other
to achieve the common goal.
Leaders highlight the goal, they highlight the
resources to be used for that purpose and they make use of those resources for
the purpose of achieving the goal.
Development “Build the next generation”: true
leaders think about how best they can achieve their goals in other to serve the
need of the generation of the moment, and also the generation unborn.
They think about long term goals and how best to achieve them. They are
not limited by short term goals.
Consistency “Invest in yourself”: great leaders are
consistent. They are consistent in the art of learn and developing such skills
that they have imbibed over the years. They are dynamic enough to implement
terms that works for the best organizational outcomes.
Leaders are learners, and they learn things from
almost all that they are involved in. This is because they are always willing
to learn. The most effective leaders however teach people to be loyal and this
is because they themselves are loyal and honest.
They are capable of making big moves for the purpose
of their team. They can easily overcome stress and other iotas of ambiguity.
Leaders have the ability to be self-sufficient because
they have developed themselves enough to be able to lead their followers. They
are also people who have won the trust and legitimacy of their followers.
Regardless of the personal nature of a leader, he is always gifted in at least
four of the five rules, thereby making him a great leader.
A true leader is one who learns to overcome his
weakness. The true test of a leader is learning to overcome his weakness which
could either be in strategy, execution, talent management e.t.c.
Leaders must be able to grow. The higher up the
organization that the leader rises, the more he or she needs to develop
excellence in more than one of the four domains.