Mental illnesses, something that needs treatment, and can have severe effects on a person if treated wrong. One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest is about Chief Bromden, and how he sees the mental ward he is staying in. On the mental ward, there is the head nurse called Nurse Ratched; she controls everything that happens on the ward. Nurse Ratched controls nurses under her called the black boys, and also the doctors, she manages the patients on the ward with fear. The fear comes from the two different patients on the ward; there are the acutes who have less severe mental illnesses and can do everything themselves still and the chronics, the chronics cannot do anything by themselves. Nurse Ratched makes sure the accutes stay in line by threatening them by turning into a chronic. Bromden, the narrator, is a chronic patient that pretends to be deaf and mute. The protagonist in the novel is Randle McMurphy, he is admitted to the ward at the beginning of the book. Throughout the book, McMurphy creates many problems that lead to severe changes in the ward and how it is run. In One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest by Ken Kesey, symbolism is shown throughout the novel to provide the reader with deeper meaning to the story.Firstly, Kesey has symbolism when he talks about the electroshock therapy table. The electroshock therapy table is introduced at the beginning of the book as a cross-shaped table. The straps on the table are around the wrists, ankles, and forehead. “You are strapped to a table, shaped, ironically, like a cross, with a crown of electric sparks in place of thrones. You are touched on each side of the head with wires” (Kesey 64,65). The symbol in this example is a religious symbol, Kesey is showing the electroshock therapy table as a cross. The electric shock therapy table is necessary because this is supposed to be one of the treatments that are given to patients. The cross symbolizes Christ’s crucifixion in the old testament; this is relevant to the book because later in the book McMurphy then is referred to as a leader, and can be looked at as a Christ figure. The symbol in this example is a religious symbol, Kesey is showing the electroshock therapy table as a cross. The electric shock therapy table is relevant because this is supposed to be one of the treatments that are given to patients. The cross symbolizes Christ’s crucifixion in the old testament; this is relevant to the book because later in the book McMurphy then is referred to as a leader, and can be looked at as a Christ figure. Ken Kesey wrote the book One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, in this novel Kesey uses symbolism to create deeper meaning in the novel. The first point that was made is Kesey uses Fog to symbolize how the patients are unclear on what nurse Ratched has planned for them. The second symbol is the electroshock table; this symbolizes a cross and the religious symbolism in the novel. The third symbol is the gambling problem McMurphy; this shows the rick that McMurphy takes with pushing the rules Ratched put in place. The last symbol expressed was McMurphy’s fishing trip, the fishing trip showed how McMurphy was expressed as Jesus Christ figure throughout the novel. Ken Kesey Creates awareness about mental illness wards in 1959 and how the patients were treated.