People are considered as elderly if they are older than 60,
by some definitions, and their physical abilities limiting their freedom to go
where they want and when you want to go. Muscular degeneration makes it so that, as we age, we can’t
move as quickly, and some people have a hard time moving their limbs any
significant distance, leading to difficulty climbing stairs and, in some cases,
a shuffling gate, which make even the smallest obstacles significant risks for
tripping. Visual deterioration makes it hard for the elderly to see very
far, and especially makes it difficult for them to see at night.According
to a 2011 report by statisticians at Caregivers Library, there are 8.4 million
seniors in the United States who depend on other people for transportation. In OECD countries, the population share of those
over 65 years old reached 17.8 percent in 2010, up from 7.7 percent in 1950,
and is expected to climb to 25.1 percent in 2050. Cities are home to 43.2 percent
of this older population.
Probably the most common
issue among the elderly is that of general mobility.Mobility
limitations are defined by impairment or dependence in movement and affect
between one third and one half of adults aged 65 or older.Mobility restrictions
are not typically the result of a single cause, but arise from an interaction
of risk factors in various domains, both individual and environmental.
Here are the some of the top transportation problems elderly
and roadways are built for the average driver’s reflexes, agility and vision.
The size of sign wordage, distance from warnings to hazards, size and
brightness of lighted signals and many other features make roads less accommodating
to elderly drivers.
Distance To Public Transportation
Walking distance to transportation systems for non-driving
elderly people.Especially in rural areas where public
transportation might be inaccessible, isolation also can limit access to taxis
or other services for transportation.
Inconvenient high steps to get in busses,trains considering
elderly person’s limited physical movement.
Duration of door epenings on trains,busses
Steps Vs. Ramps
require wheelchair ramp access to street crossings, public buildings and public
transportation stations. But old construction, which limits ramp space, and
budget constraints make this solution less than universal.
Everyone gets confused
with the changing schedules and rules on transit systems and
for a senior with poor hearing or eyesight or breaks in cognition navigation is
very challenging. Too often there are changes or delays that need quick
thinking and sometimes a dash across a terminal to catch a connection that
might be beyond the comfort zone of an elderly rider. Many elderly riders ask a
friend to ride with them to navigate but that defeats the independence of
Geography and Poverty
Inability to drive, the most common elderly
transportation problem, makes geography problematic.