According or are abandoned in hospitals; who

According to Section 725 of the McKinney-Vento Act, the term “homeless children and youths” means individuals who lack “a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and includes children and youths: who are sharing the housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; or are abandoned in hospitals; who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings; who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and who are migratory children who live in one of the above circumstances.”  (U.S. Department of Education, 2004, September 15)Under this act, homeless students who move can remain in their home school if that is in the student’s best interest. The student’s home school could mean the school the student attended when living in permanent housing or the school student was last enrolled. This includes preschools.  However, if it is in the student’s best interest to change schools, enrollment in a new school should take place immediately for the homeless student.  Normal enrollment requirements can be waived if necessary.  The local school district must provide transportation to or from a student’s school of origin. Parents, guardians, or local liaison can make this request.  Access to services such as special education services, preschool, school nutrition programs, language assistance for English learners, gifted and talented programs, and before and after-school care must be provided to the homeless student that are eligible. If a student is classified as an unaccompanied youth specific protections can be afforded such as school enrollment without proof of guardianship. Parents, guardians, and unaccompanied youth also have the right to dispute an eligibility, school selection, or enrollment decision.  School districts can receive grant funds to aid them in meeting the requirements of this law. In Mississippi, the Department of Education has made the information regarding these grantees available for public view on the website.  Many of the schools in the Delta Region of Mississippi have been recipients of these funds to support them in providing services for students in poverty. Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). According to U.S. Department of Education (2017, January 18), the federal Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) was signed into law in December 2015. This law replaces the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). The focus of ESSA is a commitment to equal opportunity for all students.  ESSA includes provisions that will help to ensure success for students and schools. There are several goals of the law. One of which is to advance equity by upholding critical protections for the disadvantage and high-need students.  According to the National Conference of State Legislatures (n.d.), advances equity by upholding critical protections for America’s disadvantaged and high-need students (Title III: ELL; Title VI: Indian, Native Hawaiian, and Alaska Native Education programs; Title VIII: education for homeless children and youth). This law requires high academic standards for all students to prepare them for college and careers.  It also ensures that vital information about the annual statewide assessments that measure progress toward the high standards be provided to the families and communities as well as educators (Title IV: 21st Century Schools). ESSA expands the increasing access to high-quality preschool (Title IX: includes the Preschool Development grants). With ESSA, the accountability expectation is maintained with the focus is to ensure positive change in the lowest-performing schools, where groups of students are not making progress, and where graduation rates are low.Title I, Part A (Title I) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). The local education agency targets the Title I funds they receive to public schools within the district with the highest percentages of children coming from low-income families. Generally free and reduced lunch counts are taken into consideration when distributing these funds. Generally, schools must focus Title I services on a student who is failing or at risk of failing to meet State academic standards. Title I is designed to help students served by the program to achieve proficiency. This measure of proficiency is based on State academic achievement standards.If a school enrollment of  40 percent of children or more come from low-income families, the school is eligible to use Title I funds for schoolwide programs are meant to improve achievement for all students are are  designed to upgrade their entire educational program. However, the target is still the lowest-achieving students. If a school enrollment is less than the 40 percent schoolwide, may offer a “targeted assistance program.”  This is where schools identify the students who are failing or at risk of failing to meet the State’s academic achievement standards. These schools design an instructional program to meet the needs of those students. Both schoolwide and targeted assistance programs must use scientifically researched based  instructional strategies and implement parental involvement activities.Under Title I, the local educational agency are also required to provide services for eligible private school students. Participating local educational agency are required to provide eligible children attending private elementary and secondary schools, their teachers, and their families with Title I services or other benefits that are equitable to those provided in eligible public schools. The collaboration of services must be developed with the officials of the private schools. The Title I services for private school participants must be designed to meet their educational needs and supplement the educational services provided by the private school.

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