The families would meet and converse in

           The houses being quite different, still share the same building system. The lower floors stand as sculptural volumes forming a central core around the stairs and chimney. The chimneys stand in the centre of the living space. This being an evocative characteristic of traditional Eastern European architecture.3 In comparison, this was one of Frank Lloyd Wright many focuses in his design concept. Wright is often quoted saying, “The hearth is the psychological center of the home”.4 By making the fireplace the focus of the living area, it signified that the chimney was heart of the house and families would meet and converse in that common area. He believed the Hearth of the home is the fireplace and within that space no evil should be spoken.5 3 https://en.wikiarquitectura.com/building/maisons-jaoul/4 http://www.gmhbydesign.com/articles/home-is-where-the-hearth-is.php5 http://www.gmhbydesign.com/articles/home-is-where-the-hearth-is.php. Making the fireplace the center point of the house links each individual space as one unit. In contrast to the rigid and boxy nature of the exterior, the partition walls within the house create fluid movements within spaces. Regardless of the thick walls, light shines abundantly coming from the many windows and openings as well as the soles of the bedrooms.           After the World War II in 1945, most Parisians were living poorly. The economy was failing, Industrial as well as Agricultural production ran on 40% of the initial amount before the war and housing in high demand. About 400,000 buildings during the war were destroyed with the number damaged buildings about five times.6 Between 1950 and 1960, the rise of modern architecture had come to place. Like many countries, France had gone through a series of different architectural styles. From the subtle Romanesque to the gory Gothic, going onto Renaissance, Classicism, Rococo to Art Nouveau and Industrialism. Thus, the country had made the addition of highways, skyscrapers, and thousands of new apartment blocks introducing the Modernist style to its architectural scape. One would imagine that the appearance of the Maison Jaoul would to follow the trend, however, it takes a very different approach. Recovering from the war, basic needs were hard to come by. Materials were very expensive, therefore influencing the style of the house. This in turn breaks the entire series of Purist villas Corbusier designed in the early 20’s. 6 http://www.euronews.com/2015/05/05/how-world-war-ii-shaped-modern-franceBoth favouring the crude nature of paintings done by Jean Dubuffet, it was easy to persuade Andre Jaoul to the aesthetics Corbusier proposed.He stated, “we appreciate the rough texture of exposed brick, joints coarsely mortared by the mason, whitewash laid over the brickwork…”. He estimated that about 20% on expenses would be saved exposing its structure and materiality.7           The main design concept for the Maison Jaoul was formulated many ideas. Most importantly by his Modulor man and Le Corbusier’s five points of architecture. The Modulor influenced the proportions of the house. Each house spanning at 7 ft. 6 in. by 12ft with a height to the soffit carrying horizontal bearers standing at 7 ft. 6 in.8 On the other hand, Corbusier’s famous concept ‘the Five Points of Architecture’ is a list of important points an architect must be aware of to provide occupants with healthy conditions. The points are: Pilotis, roof garden, free facade, free plan and horizontal windows. Formulated in 1926, it is very apparent in his works.9 7 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1531-314X.2009.01026.x/abstract 8http://www.fondationlecorbusier.fr/corbuweb/morpheus.aspx?sysId=13=4903=en-en=35=78=64=9http://anibal.gyte.edu.tr/hebe/AblDrive/73746022/w/Storage/987_2011_1_310_73746022/Downloads/5-points-of-arch.pdf

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