In most books, there is a lesson hidden beneath the plot, just waiting to be found. What this lesson contains is entirely up to the author and their personal beliefs. Some books even contain multiple lessons in them, helping the plot thicken. One of the more beloved examples of these multi-lesson books is Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol. In A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, a fantasy novel, the three spirits teach Scrooge to avoid greed, to avoid ignorance, and that the future is not definite. After leaving Fezziwigs’ party, Scrooge and the Ghost of Christmas Past appear before young adult Scrooge and his girlfriend. Scrooge and the ghost hear that Scrooge’s girlfriend has decided to leave Scrooge for his own good. While young adult Scrooge acts confused, his girlfriend knows that in his present state, he would not try to win her over. She had seen his “nobler aspirations fall off one by one, until the master-passion, gain” (Dickens loc. 777) engrossed him. Without his lust for money, Scrooge might have kept his girlfriend and could have lived a poorer, but happier life. Soon after visiting Scrooge’s’ nephew, Scrooge meets Ignorance and Want. He learns that they are man’s, and should not be taken lightly. Scrooge is told that while Want is dangerous, he should “beware this boy, Ignorance, for on his brow the Ghost of Christmas Present Jahn 2sees that written which is Doom.” (Dickens loc. 1236). Ignorance represents the rich people, as they are ignorant to the poor, struggling families all around them. Want represents the poor people, wanting to be richer and to be able to adequately care for their families. If humanities ignorance did not exist, the poor people would have a higher standard of living and have no use for Want. During the visit of the third and final spirit, Scrooge visits a lonely grave on top of a hill inside of a graveyard, where he is gravely shocked to see his own name on the gravestone. After getting over his shock, he convinces himself that “he yet may change these shadows that the spirit have shown him, by an altered life.” (loc. 1523). True to his word, Scrooge embraces all the lessons he has learned and changes his life drastically. Who was once an old and mean man becomes a joyous and good-natured friend. Without the Ghost of Christmas Past’s lesson, Scrooge certainly would have stayed a grumpy, old man. Throughout the fantasy novel A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, Scrooge learns from his past, present, and future mistakes, and later avoids greed, ignorance, and ends up changing the future. Most books, in general, would be incredibly different if the main character did not go through any development. Thanks to a set of characters in the book, though, the lesson gets taught and the day gets saved. Who knows where each of us would be if we had no mentors to set us on the path of life.