As live up to its promises since

As a nation, America has gone through numerous political and pivotal changes. Throughout history though, most of all of these revolutionary movements came to a conclusion. One of which includes The Reconstruction Era. The reconstruction Era occurred in 1865 after the Civil war had ended corruptly. Reconstruction was the attempt to reconstruct or rebuild and reform the South politically, economically, and socially after the Civil War, and to improve relations throughout the nation between the North and South. This time in history has been left labeled as a disappointment and a successful period. However, Reconstruction was definitely a failure and it did not live up to its promises since race relations between the African Americans and white remained negatively the same because African Americans were segregated being treated extremely harshly. As a result, the nation was never unified in peace.       Essentially, there were three plans of reconstruction: The Lincoln’s Plan, Johnson’s Plan and the Congressional Plan. The plan most related to the failure of unifying the nation was Lincoln’s Plan. Lincoln’s plan states that the civil war was a rebellion of citizens and that, since secession was not constitutional, the south had left the union illegally. Lincoln believed that Reconstruction should be lenient and carried out by the president. He believes that all African Americans should have the right to life and would redeem their citizenship when they supported the constitution. Secondly, Johnson’s plan was similar to Lincoln’s. He wanted all southerners to be pardoned and regain citizenship when they take an oath to support the constitution. Now on the other hand, the last plan of reconstruction which was the Congressional plan shows that the republicans in Congress believed that the seceding states required congressional legislation for readmission to the union. In 1866, they passed laws like the Freedman’s Bureau which cared for freed slaves by provides clothes, food, and shelter for them, the Civil right act which forbade states to discriminate against blacks, which led to the fourteenth amendment which made African Americans citizens of the United States.    Although the Civil war and the post war amendments had changed the legal status of the ex-slaves, in reality, with the withdrawal of the last federal troops from the south in 1877, elements of the white Southern society looked for methods to prevent blacks from voting. Therefore, reconstruction remains a failure since it did not live up to its promises because race relations remained negatively the same between the north and the south, which therefore reveals the failure of unifying the nation. According to document 5, “we hold this to be a government of white people, made and to be perpetuated for the exclusive benefit of the white race, and that people of African descent can not be considered as citizens of the United States.” This quote reveals the discrimination against the African Americans. They were treated as property and segregated from going to schools with whites, using bathrooms with whites, on the bus as well, etc. Since the fifteenth amendment prohibited the denial of the vote due to “race, color,or previous condition of servitude,” Southern state legislatures found other methods of denying the vote. Poll taxes and literacy tests were two methods used to degrade and diminish black Americans. They had 30 questions to answer on the literacy test in 10 minutes and if they got one question wrong they had no chance. By the late 1800s the grandfather clause became a widespread method of keeping Africans from the polls. Since they had been slaves and not able to vote in 1867, this clause hurted them while giving the vote to poor illiterate whites. Moreover, the reconstruction governments under republican rule were riddled with corruption. White resentment against the reconstruction era became widespread and some secret groups like ten Ku Klux Klan were organized and turned into acts of terror, which intimidated the freed slaves to prevent them from voting which was basically another method of destroying the African Americans lives. By the early 1900s, African Americans had effectively lost their political rights in the south.    The inferior social status of African Americans definitely did not change after the civil war. Although the fourteenth amendment prevented the states from discriminating against individuals, the state was denying the rights for the amendment to apply. The southern legislatures passed the black codes law which kept freed African Americans in a slavelike role.      

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