Courage of his society.Atticus Finch is a

Courage is a personal conviction earned through rising against the masses and overcoming the our greatest fears. In To Kill A Mockingbird, Harper Lee defines courage as “knowing you’re being licked before you begin, but you begin anyways and see it through no matter what”, this concept is shown through the perseverance the characters like Atticus Finch, Scout, and Jem have towards the constant prejudices and persecutions they face. Harper Lee makes a social commentary, through the characters, that courage is earned once man overcomes the common fears and amoralist views of his society.Atticus Finch is a well known man within Maycomb, but his reputation is not for the greatest of affairs. In Maycomb, there is a high tension of racism against the black community, the commonality of preconceived ideas of the blacks being monsters who deserved nothing but a four wall cell, made it increasingly harder for them to defend themselves, and for Atticus Finch, being an equal-minded attorney, finds himself in a case defending a black man accused of raping a white woman, fully knowing it would be a lost cause. This action reciprocated by a storm of enraged citizens who, out of ignorance, started calling out Atticus for being as low as “the niggers he works for”, soon escalating to the harassment of his children and them fighting back,”You just hold your head high and keep those fists down. No matter what anybody says to you, don’t you let ’em get your goat. Try fighting with your head for a change” (84).Atticus tried to raise his kids with the same amount of justice and equality he believes in, but with the aggressiveness of his children during the case, he also had to teach then that justice was not served through your fists, but through the knowledge held in your words. Not only was Atticus speaking to his daughter, but he was also giving himself a word of advice, especially when for when he is confronted by the nocturnal group of men outside Tom Robinson’s jail cell. His modesty throughout the story has created an example for his children and gave others such as Tom Robinson hope and enough courage to stand their ground and keep their values strong. Jeremy Finch, the oldest Finch child, is looked up to by his younger sister Scout, but being a Finch means that he is looked down upon by the rest of the community. Scout and Jem have different opinions about Maycomb that contradict each other, but throughout the course of the book, Jem soon realize that Maycomb may not be the Maycomb he’s always thought, “Like somethin’ asleep wrapped up in a warm place. I always thought Maycomb folks were the best folks in the world, least that’s what they seemed like” ( ), this is due to the constant blockage he and his sister have had for years due to Atticus’ fear that they too will be consumed in heel of racist prejudices, money scarce, and bias manners that is filling Maycomb. Jem is not as outspoken as his sister Scout, but he is just as strong as her when it comes to the projection of his thoughts, the only difference, Scout uses more of her words to get her opinions across while Jem acts upon his opinions. Over the course of the book, Jem is faced with more situations that need him to grow as a person and increase his maturity levels, firstly, to continue to be an example for Scout, and secondly, to ensure that the situation doesn’t get too out of hand and out of his ability to control. Jem has many fears he’s been holding back since the beginning of the book, but after Tom Robinson’s trial and being exposed to traumatic real life events, he learns to deal with the fears, even if he doesn’t overcome them.Scout, being a fairly young girl, is a sharply, mature character who does not allow anything to stand in her way of finding truth and serving justice, even if it is in the wrong ways. In the first couple chapters, Scout gets herself in a little dispute with one of her teachers, then after school finds herself shoving Walter Cunningham’s face into the dirt. After only seeing her arguments from her point of view, Atticus gives her a proposition, “you never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view … until you climb into his skin and walk around in it” (30). From a very young age, Scout learned about the struggles man faces, and similar to her father, she set out unspoken goal to ensure equality and justice for all, as she did for the Cunningham boy without ever really stating her intentions for doing so. She also learned that in order to get heard, she must endure her own struggles, but must always continue to follow through her plans. Through this, it is shown that she admires her father, and uses him as an innuendo that justice can be served without the use of violence and that no matter how deep she gets herself in, no one’s words should affect her but her own.Courage is defined as overcoming the fears and struggles of his or her society. The members of the  Finch family earned the status of courage through their constant tenacity towards their opinions about injustice and inequality. Through this the reader is able to understand Harper Lee’s comment, that man must overcome and persevere through his struggles and stand his ground, even at the cost of everything.

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