Module not a motivational theory; it just

Module 37: Motivational Concepts

Motivation- something that
inspires or makes someone do something that needs to be done.

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Instincts and Evolutionary

    ~ Test Tip: this
is part of the biological aspect.

Instinct- a behavior, learned or
just known, that makes you feel or think a certain way.

Drives and Motives

    ~Test Tip:
homeostasis is not a motivational theory; it just applies to some of the

Drive-Reduction Theory- need è drive. A need to do something, there is a motive to
satisfy a need.

Homeostasis- being able to be
stable or balanced relating to body chemistry.

Yerkes-Dodson law- routine
increases with any type of arousal that decreases.

A Hierarchy of Motives

Hierarchy of needs- the pyramid
of human needs (Maslow) … levels of needs for activeness.

Abraham Maslow: known
as a theory of psychological
health involved with fulfilling human needs.


Module 38: Hunger Motivation

Body Chemistry and the Brain

Glucose- the sugar in our body that
provides energy through blood.

Set Point- the set weight of a
person. Causes increase in hunger etc based on reaction to body weight

Basal Metabolic Rate- resting rate
of energy flow.


Module 39: Sexual Motivation

The Sexual Response

Sexual Response Cycle- the four





Refractory Period- the period of
time when a male cannot get another orgasm

Sexual Dysfunctions and

Sexual Dysfunctions- an issue
that weakens functions

Hormones and Sexual Behavior

Estrogen- the female hormone that
is released, caused by sex characteristics

Testosterone- male sex hormone
that is caused by sex characteristics

    ~Test Tip: biological
processes help with controlling behavior, why sex hormones don’t have any
control over behaviors.





Module 40: Social Motivation: Affiliation

The Pain of Being Shut Out

Ostracism- excluding someone or
something on a social level.

Cyber ostracism- when you aren’t
liked by someone so they un-friend you on their social media accounts. You also
may not have a lot of followers.

Connecting and Social Media

    ~Test Tip: Social
media is easy and doesn’t work like psychological processes principles.

Phones are used for social media a
lot because people check their accounts so often (are addicted) and social
media is wild. Complex.


Module 41: Theories and Physiology of

Cognition and Emotion

Emotions- emotions are a big
deal. Behavior can be driven from emotions. A mix of three things-
physiological arousal, expressive behavior, conscious experience.

James-Lange Theory- based on
consciousness experiences of physiological and responses to emotion.

Cannon-Bard Theory- triggers
physiological responses of emotions

Two-Factor Theory- when wanting
to experience an emotion you have to be able to be physically and cognitively

Embodied Emotion


Module 42: Expressed Emotion

The Effects of Facial

Facial Feedback Effect- an
expression corresponding with emotions triggering ones face

Health Psychology- behavioral
medicine regarding health issues


Module 43: Stress and Health

Stress: Some Basic Concepts

Stress- when something such as an event or person causes
you something other than your normal emotions

The Stress Response System

General Adaption Syndrome- your body’s response to the
three stages of stress… alarm, resistance, and exhaustion

Tend-and-befriend response- when someone is stressed and
other people trying helping calm them down and get things accomplished.


Module 44: Stress
and Illness

Illnesses- Illnesses due to stress

the study of endocrine, neural, and psychological and how they work together
affecting the immune system

cells in the immune system that is white blood

    ~two types


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