Module 37: Motivational Concepts
Motivation- something that
inspires or makes someone do something that needs to be done.
Instincts and Evolutionary
~ Test Tip: this
is part of the biological aspect.
Instinct- a behavior, learned or
just known, that makes you feel or think a certain way.
Drives and Motives
homeostasis is not a motivational theory; it just applies to some of the
Drive-Reduction Theory- need è drive. A need to do something, there is a motive to
satisfy a need.
Homeostasis- being able to be
stable or balanced relating to body chemistry.
Yerkes-Dodson law- routine
increases with any type of arousal that decreases.
A Hierarchy of Motives
Hierarchy of needs- the pyramid
of human needs (Maslow) … levels of needs for activeness.
Abraham Maslow: known
as a theory of psychological
health involved with fulfilling human needs.
Module 38: Hunger Motivation
Body Chemistry and the Brain
Glucose- the sugar in our body that
provides energy through blood.
Set Point- the set weight of a
person. Causes increase in hunger etc based on reaction to body weight
Basal Metabolic Rate- resting rate
of energy flow.
Module 39: Sexual Motivation
The Sexual Response
Sexual Response Cycle- the four
Refractory Period- the period of
time when a male cannot get another orgasm
Sexual Dysfunctions and
Sexual Dysfunctions- an issue
that weakens functions
Hormones and Sexual Behavior
Estrogen- the female hormone that
is released, caused by sex characteristics
Testosterone- male sex hormone
that is caused by sex characteristics
~Test Tip: biological
processes help with controlling behavior, why sex hormones don’t have any
control over behaviors.
Module 40: Social Motivation: Affiliation
The Pain of Being Shut Out
Ostracism- excluding someone or
something on a social level.
Cyber ostracism- when you aren’t
liked by someone so they un-friend you on their social media accounts. You also
may not have a lot of followers.
Connecting and Social Media
~Test Tip: Social
media is easy and doesn’t work like psychological processes principles.
Phones are used for social media a
lot because people check their accounts so often (are addicted) and social
media is wild. Complex.
Module 41: Theories and Physiology of
Cognition and Emotion
Emotions- emotions are a big
deal. Behavior can be driven from emotions. A mix of three things-
physiological arousal, expressive behavior, conscious experience.
James-Lange Theory- based on
consciousness experiences of physiological and responses to emotion.
Cannon-Bard Theory- triggers
physiological responses of emotions
Two-Factor Theory- when wanting
to experience an emotion you have to be able to be physically and cognitively
Module 42: Expressed Emotion
The Effects of Facial
Facial Feedback Effect- an
expression corresponding with emotions triggering ones face
Health Psychology- behavioral
medicine regarding health issues
Module 43: Stress and Health
Stress: Some Basic Concepts
Stress- when something such as an event or person causes
you something other than your normal emotions
The Stress Response System
General Adaption Syndrome- your body’s response to the
three stages of stress… alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
Tend-and-befriend response- when someone is stressed and
other people trying helping calm them down and get things accomplished.
Module 44: Stress
Illnesses- Illnesses due to stress
the study of endocrine, neural, and psychological and how they work together
affecting the immune system
cells in the immune system that is white blood